IP (Internet Protocol)
The Internet Protocol
is a method transmitting data over a network. Data to be sent is
divided into individual and completely independent “packets.” Each
computer (or host) on the Internet has at least one address that
uniquely identifies it from all others, and each data packet contains
both the sender's address and the receiver's address.
Internet Protocol ensures that the data packets all arrive at the
intended address. As IP is a connectionless protocol, which means that
there is no established connection between the communication
end-points, packets can be sent via different routes and do not need to
arrive at the destination in the correct order.
the data packets have arrived at the correct destination, another
protocol - Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) – puts them in the right